What is Nursing and Its Definition From Various Sources

Do you want to know what is nursing?

Simply, the term NURSING  means “CARING”.  According to Oxford Dictionary, Nursing is the profession or practice of providing care for sick and infirm. Furthermore, it says that as Nursing means “Caring”, Nurse means “Care Giver”. Hence, a Nurse is a health care professional who is engaged in the practice of nursing.  Nurse refers to the trained person to care for sick or infirm people.

NURSING, it is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain or recover optimal health and quality of life. The individuals involved in providing care i.e nursing profession are known as NURSE.

Nursing Definition

Florence Nightingale said that Nursing is the act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery. According to WHO,

Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups, and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people.

In addition, according to International Council Of Nurses, Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups, and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles.

The use of clinical judgment in the provision of care to enable people to improve, maintain, or recover health, to cope with health problems, and to achieve the best possible quality of life, whatever their disease or disability. -Royal College Of Nurses

Similarly, American Nurses Association said that

Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities; prevention of illness and injury; alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human responses; and advocacy in health care for individuals, families, communities, and populations.

The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. It is said by Virginia Avenel Henderson. Virginia Avenel Henderson, was an influential nurse, researcher, theorist and author.

What is Nursing and what are the major duties of Nurse?

NURSES are the most trusted healthcare professionals. They provide care to the patients and will be with them throughout the continuum of life. Belonging to such trustworthy profession, she should be competent enough in it and should play the various role according to different situations. Hence, the various roles of the nurses are as follows:

  • Care Provider
  • Educator
  • Advocate
  • Researcher
  • Collaborator
  • Counselor
  • Leader
  • Manager
  • Motivator

Briefing on the topic of Nursing is not easier as its scope, importance and roles are wide. However, I have tried to concise regarding the importance of nursing profession as well their roles in short which are given here,

Nursing is the most honest, respected and trustworthy profession. Patients complete health status is dependent on the hand of the nurse, it may be either recovering or deteriorating because nurses are the one who is present with the patient for the maximum time, they are available with patient since morning today, evening and night time as well.

They are responsible for overall care for the patient including morning care tonight meal and medications. Nurses assist patients in performing morning care and if the patient is unable to perform by him/herself then its nurse’s responsibility to provide them with the nursing care required by them.

Along with that, the nurse provides medications to the patient following 6 rights of medications (i.e Right time, Right patient, Right dose, Right route, Right medication, Right documentation), nurses also observe keenly the patients health condition and provide the nursing care required by the patient.

One of the most important quality that a nurse must have is good Communicating Skill. It is one of the crucial quality that is highly required in the nursing profession. Proper communication helps the nurse to build a good report with the patient which helps to buildup strong nurse-patient relationship and creates a familiar and stressfree environment so the patient will be able to ventilate their desires, problems and feelings as well.

Creation of such familiar environment reduces half of the patient’s problem psychologically which increases their self confidence and increases their ability to cope with the situation.


As discussion regarding nursing profession and their importance, roles cannot be explained and bounded in few paragraphs; besides these, there are other many roles and responsibilities of the nurse. Nursing is directly proportional to nations development because the health of the nation is in the hand of nurse and due to its increasing scope as well.
Hence, nursing is the novel profession in the entire world.

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